Authors are required to disclose all financial and personal relationships that might bias, or be perceived to bias, their work. The Journal uses the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest to standardise this process. The form is available here.
The Journal requires reviewers to disclose to editors any conﬂicts of interest that could bias their reviews and their discussion of the submitted manuscript. In the event of potential for bias, the reviewer must decline the invitation to review. In addition, reviewers are exposed to material prior to publication which is confidential. They must not use this knowledge to further their own interests and they must keep the pre-publication material in their possession safe from disclosure to any parties outside the Journal.
Similarly, editors and guest editors who will make final decisions about manuscripts will recuse themselves from the decision-making process if they have conflicts of interest or relationships that pose potential conflicts related to articles under consideration. Editorial staff must not use information gained through working with manuscripts to further their own interests. Editors and editorial staff will publish regular disclosure statements about potential conflicts of interests related to their roles.